We are passionate about psychotherapy, and part of our mission is to learn as much as we can about treatment so we can better understand what does and does not work.

The research has been approved by the Institutional Research Board, University of Maryland. For any questions or concerns, contact the IRB Office at 301-405-4512 or email

Published Research from MPCRL

Since we opened the clinic in 2008, we have served about 150 clients for long-term individual psychodynamic psychotherapy and have trained 26 doctoral student therapists with intensive individual and group supervision, so we have both provided needed services to the local community and we have trained doctoral students. In addition, the following 7 publications have come out of the clinic, with another 10 projects almost ready to be submitted or in preparation:

  1. Hill, C. E., Chui, H., Huang, T., Jackson, J., Liu, J., Spangler, P. (2011). Hitting the wall: A case study of interpersonal changes in psychotherapy. Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, 11, 34-42.
  2. Hill, C. E., Gelso, C. J., Gerstenblith, J., Chui, H., Pudasaini, S., Burgard, J., Baumann, E., & Huang, T. (2013). The dreamscape of psychodynamic psychotherapy: Dreams, dreamers, dream work, consequences, and cases. Dreaming, 23, 1-45.
  3. Huang, T. C., Hill, C. E., & Gelso, C. J. (2013). Psychotherapy engagers versus non-engagers: Differences in alliance, therapist skills, client attachment. Psychotherapy Research, 23, 568-577.
  4. Hill, C. E., Gelso, C. J., Chui, H., Spangler, P., Hummel, A., Huang, T., Jackson, J., Jones, R., Palma, B., Bhatia, A., Gupta, S., Ain, S., Klingaman, B., Lim, R., Liu, J., Hui, K., Jezzi, M., & Miles, J. R., (2014). To be or not to be immediate with clients: The use and perceived effects of immediacy in psychodynamic/interpersonal psychotherapy. Psychotherapy Research, 299-315.
  5. Hill, C. E., Knox, S., Crook-Lyon, R. E., Hess, S. A., Miles, J., Spangler, P., & Pudasaini, S. (2014). Dreaming of you: Client and therapist dreams about each other during psychodynamic psychotherapy. Psychotherapy Research, 523-537.
  6. Hill, C. E., Baumann, E., Shafran, N., Gupta, S., Morrison, A., Peres Rojas, A. E., Spangler, P. T., Griffin, S., Pappa, L., &. Gelso, C. J. (2015). Is training effective? A study of counseling psychology doctoral trainees in a psychodynamic/interpersonal training clinic. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 62, 184-201.
  7. Robinson, N., Hill, C. E., & Kivlighan, D. (in press). Crying as communication in psychotherapy" The influence of client and therapist attachment and client attachment to therapist on amount and type of crying. Journal of Counseling Psychology.
  8. Hill, C. E., & Gupta, S. (in press). Processing the supervision relationship: The use of immediacy.
  9. Shafran, N., Kivlighan, D. M. Jr., Gelso, C. J., Bhatia, A., & Hill, C. E. (submitted). To be or not to be immediate: Re-analyses of the association between therapist immediacy, working alliance, real relationship, and session quality.
  10. Kivlighan, D., Hill, C. E., Gelso, C. J., & Baumann, E. (submitted). Clients' and therapists' working alliance, real relationship, session quality, and time in treatment in psychodynamic psychotherapy: An actor partner interdependence analysis.
  11. Kivlighan, D., Baumann, E., Hill, C. E., Gelso, C. J. (submitted). The working alliance, the real relationship, therapist attachment and flexibility and psychotherapy outcome: A between-therapist and within-therapist analysis.
  12. Chui, H., Hill, C. E., Kline, K., Kuo, P., & Mohr, J. J. (Submitted). In the mood? Therapist affect and psychotherapy process and outcome.
  13. Huang, T., & Hill, C. E. (Submitted). Corrective relational experiences in psychodynamic-interpersonal psychotherapy: Antecedents, types, consequences in relation to client attachment style.
  14. Pinto-Coelho, K., Hill, C. E., & Kivlighan, D. (in preparation). Therapist self-disclosures in a psychodynamic clinic.
  15. Ross, K., Fuhrmann, A., Sauber, L., Kline, K., Hill, C. E., & Kivlighan, D. (in preparation). A comparison of post-session measures for assessing therapist techniques.
  16. Gupta, S., & Hill, C. E (in preparation). Laughter and attachment in psychotherapy.
  17. Shafran, N., Hill, C. E., Pinto-Coelho, K., Gupta, S., Baumann, E., Kline, K., Kanazawa, Y. (in preparation). Client-initiated termination from psychotherapy.

Financial support for the MPCRL has been provided by:

  1. The Department of Psychology
  2. The Society for Counseling Psychology
  3. The DreamScience Foundation of the International Asssociation for the Study of Dreams
  4. The Fund for Psychoanalytic Research of the American Psychoanalytic Association
  5. Bruce and Barbara Fretz
  6. The Norine Johnson Research Award from Division 29 (Psychotherapy) of the American Psychological Association